USING TACTILE AND KINESTHETIC RESOURCES TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ SPELLING ABILITY AND PRONUNCIATION AWARENESS (AN ACTION RESEARCH AT THE FIFTH GRADE OF SD NEGERI POJOK 02 TAWANGSARI IN 2008/2009)
_____________. USING TACTILE AND KINESTHETIC RESOURCES TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ SPELLING ABILITY AND PRONUNCIATION AWARENESS (AN ACTION RESEARCH AT THE FIFTH GRADE OF SD NEGERI POJOK 02 TAWANGSARI IN 2008/2009). A Thesis. Surakarta. Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, May, 2009.
This thesis is written to: 1) identify whether and to what extend tactile and kinesthetic resource improves students’ spelling ability and pronunciation awareness, and 2) describe the class situation when tactile and kinesthetic resource is applied in the English class.
This research which is conducted through action research is carried out in two cycles. Each cycle consists of three meetings at Cycle 1 and two meetings at Cycle 2. In two cycles, it has been provided with tactile and kinesthetic resource. The data which are collected through this research include qualitative data (observation, teacher’s diary, interview, audio recording, photograph, document analysis), and quantitative data (tests). The data are analyzed using constant comparative method and descriptive statistic. Qualitative data are analyzed using constant comparative method; while test are analyzed using descriptive statistic.
The research finding proves that tactile and kinesthetic resource is an effective and suitable technique to improve Students’ spelling ability and pronunciation awareness, and also the class situation in the teaching and learning process. The research findings include: 1) students’ spelling ability improves after using tactile and kinesthetic resource in terms of rearranging the jumbled letters into correct word; writing words involving double consonant letters (buffalo, grass, rabbit, etc.); writing words without making transposition of letters (elephant, crocodile, goat, etc.); writing a correct spelling of the meant word not another word (now, goat, Tuesday, etc.); and writing words with complete letters (month, swallow, lizard, etc.); 2) students’ pronunciation awareness improves after using tactile and kinesthetic resource in terms of pronouncing words based on its sound not letters; reading sentence aloud using correct stress and intonation; pronouncing words/sentence faster and louder; responding and pronouncing the words/sentences loudly without being afraid of making mistakes; and repeating the teacher’s saying well; 3) the class situation improves when tactile and kinesthetic resource is applied in the English class in terms of students’ readiness in starting the lesson, they prepare the materials (books, pencil, ruler, etc.) before the teacher enter the class; asking permission to go to the toilet. During the lesson, the students especially boys don’t ask permission to the toilet; students’ activeness/participation during teaching and learning process (students respond question/command; students are brave to ask question); students’ attention during teaching and learning process (they aren’t noisy anymore, they aren’t sleepy when following the activity in the class); and students’ activeness in doing exercise/homework provided by the teacher.
Bowen, Tim. 1997. The Pronunciation Book; Students Centered Activities for Pronunciation Work. England: Longman.
Brewster, Jean., Ellis, Gail, and Girard, Denis. 1992 The Primary English Teacher’s Guide. England: Penguin Books.
Brophy, Jere. 1998. Motivating Students to Learn. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Burns, Anne. 1999. Collaborative Action Research for English Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burns, Paul C. and Broman, Betty L. 1975. The Language Arts in Childhood Education. Chicago: Rand McNally College Publishing Company.
Carbo, Marie., Dunn, Rita., and Dunn, Kenneth. 1991. Teaching Students to Read Through Their Individual Learning Styles. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Depdikbudnas. 2007. Standar Kompetensi dan Kompetensi Dasar Tingkat SD/MI. Jakarta.
Fitzpatrick, Frank. 1995. A Teachers Guide to Practical Pronunciation. Hertfordshire: Phonix, ELT.
Halliwell, Susan 1998. Teaching English in the Primary Classroom. New York: Longman.
Harmer, Jeremy. 1991. The Practice of English Language Teaching. (New York: Longmati.
Haycraft, John. 1978. An Introduction to English Language Teaching. England Longman.
Hopkins, David. 1993. A Teacher’s Guide to Classroom Research. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Kenworthy, Joanne. 1987. Teaching English Pronunciation. New York: Longman.
Kristina, Diah., Rarastesa, Zita., Susilorini., Kurniawan, Yusuf., and Al Makmun, Taufiq. 2006. Pronunciation 1. Surakarta: UNS Press.
Lehmann, Winfred P. 1983. Language An Introduction. New York: Random House, Inc.
Martono and Mahanani, S. 2002. Pronunciation Practice. (AHandout for ‘Pronunciation Practice’ Subject).
Mills, G. E. 2000. Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Moleong, Lexi J. 1990. Metodologi Penelitian Qualitative. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Nunan, David. 1999. Teacher Education aid Development: Understanding Language Classroom (A Guide for Teacher-Initiated Action). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Orlich, C. Donald, et al. 1998. Teaching, Strategies: a Guide to ‘Better Instruction. New York : Hongton Mifflin Company.
Petersen, Dorothy G. 1961. Teaching und Learning in the Elementary School. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.
Petty, Walter T. and Jensen, Julie M. 1980. Developing Children’s Language. Massachusetts: Allyn and liucon, Inc.
Reid, John M. 1998. Understanding Learning Style in the Second Language Classroom.. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.
Rochsantiningsih, Dewi. 2007. Action Research: an Introduction (A Handout for “Classroom Action Research” Subject).
Sari, Nirmala. 1988. An Introduction to Linguistics. Jakarta: Depdikbud.
Scott, Wendy A. and Ytreberg. Lisbeth H. 1990. Teaching English to Children. New York: Longman.
Shemesh, Ruth and Waller, Sheila. 2000. Teaching English Spelling: A Practical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Suyanto, Kasihani K.E. 2007. English for Young Learners. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Syakur. 1999. Language Testing and Evaluation I. (Book for ‘Language Testing and Evaluation I’ Subject).
Ur, Penny. 1996. A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wiersma, William. 2000. Research Methods in Education. England: A Pearson Education Company.
A Wikimedia Project. 2008. Alphabetic Principle. Available at http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Alpabetic_Principle
A Wikimedia Project. 2008. Pronunciation. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Pronunciation
A Wikimedia Project. 2008. Spelling. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Spelling
Burbine, Matt. 2002. Learning Style. Available at http://www.trcc.commnet.edu/ ed resources/tasc/Training/Resources_learning styles.htm
Danchenko, Nonna. 2008. Diversity Versus Intelligibility Practical Pronunciation Issues. Available at http://www.englishaustralia.com.au.
Dye, Jane F. et al. 2000. Constant Comparative Method: A Kaleidoscope of Data. Available at http://www.riove.edu/ssss/QR/Q1Z4-1/dye.html.
Jane and Brave. 2008. Grading Criteria for Oral Exam. Available at, http://126.96.36.199
Jones, Susan. 2003. The Resource Room. Available at http://www.resourceroom.net/readspell/asp
Kelly, Melissa. 2000. Learning Style: Kinethetic Learners. Available at http://www..712educators.about.com/od/learningstyle/p/kinesthetic.htm
Miller, Soe. 2000. Pronunciation interest section. Available at http://www.tesol.org/sec document.asp.
Schutz, Richardo. 2008. The Important of Pronunciation. Available at http://www.sk.com.br/pronunciation.ppt
Szinalsky, Thomas P. 2008. What is good English pronunciation?. Available at http://www.antimoon.com/how/pronouncgood.htm.
Vernon, Shelley. 1993. Help Kinesthetic and Tactile Learners Succeed in Reading in Months. Available att http://www.keystoreadingsuccess.com/ Kinesthetic.htm
Vernon, Shelley. 2008. Kinesthetic and Tactile Learners. Available at http://www.readinginstruction.com/kinlear.html
Untuk mendapatkan file lengkap silahkan konfirmasi via telpon/sms ke No. HP. 085 641 016 472